On November 5th, 2014 Transport Canada set out new rules for UAV’s (Unmanned aerial vehicles, mostly commonly referred to as drones) flying commercially in Canada.  As these types of aircraft have been becoming more and more popular across the world, Canada has been on the forefront of creating commercially viable rule sets to regulate safety in the growing industry, leading ahead of countries such as the United States where the Federal Aviation Administration still has extremely heavy restrictions in place.  However even in Canada these regulations do however come with a number of  limitations for operators, and we’ll be going over a few of them here.  You can also find a new page on Transport Canada’s website outlining the regulations at http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/standards/general-recavi-uav-2265.htm .

 

If you’re a recreational UAV pilot and your vehicle weighs less than 35kg you do not need permission to fly, but you must operate in a safe manner and follow the safety guidelines that Transport Canada has set out:

 

You must

– Follow the rules set out in the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

– Respect the Criminal Code as well as all municipal, provincial, and territorial laws related to trespassing and privacy

– Only fly your aircraft during daylight and in good weather (not in clouds or fog).

– Always keep your aircraft in sight, where you can see it with your own eyes – not only through an on-board camera, monitor or smartphone.

– Make sure your aircraft is safe for flight before take-off. Ask yourself, for example, are the batteries fully charged? Is it too cold to fly?

– Respect the privacy of others – avoid flying over private property or taking photos or videos without permission.

– Know if you need permission to fly and when to apply for a Special Flight Operations Certificate

 

You must not fly

– Closer than 9 km from any airport, heliport, or aerodrome.

– Higher than 90 metres from above the ground.

– Closer than 150 metres from people, animals, buildings, structures, or vehicles.

– In populated areas or near large groups of people, including sporting events, concerts, festivals, and firework shows.

– Near moving vehicles, avoid highways, bridges, busy streets or anywhere you could endanger or distract drivers.

– Within restricted airspace, including near or over military bases, prisons, and forest fires.

– Anywhere you may interfere with first responders

 

Most of the safety guidelines are fairly self explanatory, but one that stands out to me is the 9km proximity to airports.  Situations where drone pilots have taken their vehicles close to airport activities such as landing and departing aircraft have been under increasing scrutiny by both Transport Canada and the general public through the media, and you can be sure that any infractions will be severely dealt with.  Put simply, don’t fly near airports or aircraft!

 

For commercial operators such as aerial photographers, the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) section 602.41, 603.66, and 603.67 regulations (I’ve also listed 603.65 for reference) listed below state that no person shall operate an unmanned air vehicle in flight unless they have been issued a special flight operations certificate or air operators certificate.  These are still listed in the CARs for UAV’s, but Transport Canada has now published exemptions based on UAV weight which we will talk about later in the article.

 

Unmanned Air Vehicles

602.41 No person shall operate an unmanned air vehicle in flight except in accordance with a special flight operations certificate or an air operator certificate.

603.65 This Division applies in respect of the following flight operations when not conducted under Part VII:

(a) the operation of an aircraft, other than a balloon, for the purpose of conducting a take-off or landing within a built-up area of a city or town at a place other than an airport, heliport or military aerodrome;

(b) the operation of an aircraft for the purpose of conducting aerial application, aerial inspection or aerial photography at altitudes and distances less than those specified in paragraph 602.14(2)(a);

(c) the operation of a helicopter while conducting Class B, C or D external load operations over a built-up area or open-air assembly of persons, including flight at altitudes and distances less than those specified in paragraph 602.14(2)(a);

(d) the operation of an unmanned air vehicle;

(e) the operation of a powered aircraft while persons enter or, except for parachute descents, leave the aircraft in flight; and

(f) the operation of an aircraft while conducting aerobatic manoeuvres

(i) in or into controlled airspace or an air route, or
(ii) below 2,000 feet AGL.

 

Certification Requirements

603.66 No person shall conduct a flight operation referred to in section 603.65 unless the person complies with the provisions of a special flight operations certificate issued by the Minister pursuant to section 603.67.

Issuance of Special Flight Operations Certificate

603.67 Subject to section 6.71 of the Act, the Minister shall, on receipt of an application submitted in the form and manner required by the Special Flight Operations Standards, issue a special flight operations certificate to an applicant who demonstrates to the Minister the ability to conduct the flight operation in accordance with the Special Flight Operations Standards.

 

Transport Canada has now published exemptions to these rules divided into UAV weight classes which regulate based on the total flight weight prior to takeoff of the UAV.  This weight would include the vehicle itself as well as any cameras, lenses, and extra equipment attached prior to taking flight.  UAV Weights are divided into the following classes:

– UAV’s weighing 2kg or below

– UAV’s weighing between 2.1kg and 25kg

– UAV’s weighing in above 35kg

 

Most small quadcopter drones for example carrying a GoPro camera usually fall into the Below 2kg category, and octocopters carrying for example a Digital SLR camera attached are generally in the 2kg-25kg range. For most aerial photography applications those are the two weight classes to worry about, and each has its own requirements for commercial applications.  UAV’s above the 35kg limit automatically require a Special Flight Operations Certificate.

 

UAV’s Below 2kg – Commercial Use

 

For UAV’s below 2kg the following exemptions exemptions apply (direct link at http://www.tc.gc.ca/civilaviation/regserv/affairs/exemptions/docs/en/2880.htm)

 

EXEMPTION FROM SECTIONS 602.41 AND 603.66 OF THECANADIAN AVIATION REGULATIONS

Pursuant to Subsection 5.9(2) of the Aeronautics Act, and after having determined that the exemption is in the public interest and is not likely to adversely affect aviation safety, I hereby exempt persons conducting flight operations utilizing unmanned air vehicles (UAVs), with a maximum take-off weight not exceeding 2 kilograms, operated within visual line-of-sight, from the requirements of sections 602.41 and 603.66 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs), subject to the conditions set out below.

 

PURPOSE

This exemption relieves persons conducting non-recreational UAV system operations utilizing a UAV with a maximum take-off weight not exceeding 2 kilograms, operated within visual line-of-sight from the requirement to obtain a Special Flight Operations Certificate (SFOC) as required by sections 602.41 and the requirement to comply with the conditions of an SFOC as required by section 603.66 of the CARs.

The exemption will permit non-recreational UAVs with a maximum take-off weight not exceeding 2 kilograms to be operated away from built-up areas, controlled airspace, aerodromes, forest fire areas and other restricted locations. The exemption includes conditions which address the need for the safe and responsible use of certain UAV systems.

UAV operations conducted outside the terms and conditions of this exemption will be subject to the requirements for an SFOC.

 

APPLICATION

This exemption appliess to any person conducting UAV system operations within Canadian Domestic Airspace utilizing UAVs with a maximum take-off weight not exceeding 2 kilograms within visual line-of-sight.

This exemption does not apply to:

 

1.  Operations of model aircraft;

2.  Operations of an Autonomous UAV; or

3.  Operations by a foreign UAV operator.

 

CONDITIONS

General Conditions

1.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall conduct a safe operation and shall not pose a risk to aviation safety.

2.  Any person operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV system in such a reckless or negligent manner so as to endanger or be likely to endanger the life or property of any person.

3.  Any persons operating under this exemption shall be a minimum of 18 years of age, or be at least 16 years of age and conducting research under the supervision of an academic institution.

4.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall subscribe for liability insurance covering risks of public liability at the levels described in subsection 606.02 (8) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations and in any case shall have no less than $100,000 in liability insurance coverage pertaining to the operation of the UAV system.

5.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate the controls of a UAV if they have any reason to believe that they are suffering or are likely to suffer from fatigue, or suffering from any other condition which would render them unfit to perform their duties.

6.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV system within eight (8) hours after consuming an alcoholic beverage or while under the influence of alcohol or while using any drug that impairs the person faculties to the extent that the safety of the operation is endangered in any way.

7.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall be familiar with the relevant aeronautical information that is appropriate to the intended flight, before commencing a flight.

8.  Any person operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV in any special aviation event requiring an SFOC (Special Flight Operating Certificate) under Part VI, Subpart 3, Division 1 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

9.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall obtain permission from the owner(s) of the property on which a UAV intends to take-off/launch from and/or land/recover on.

10.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall, prior to commencing operations, perform a site survey to assess the suitability of each location and confirm that safe operations can be conducted.

11.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall cease operations if at any time the safety of other airspace users or persons or property on the ground is in jeopardy, or if the person conducting operations is unable to comply with the conditions of this exemption.

12.  A copy of the following documents shall be accessible to any person conducting operations under this exemption:

 

a.  This exemption;

b.  Proof of liability insurance coverage;

c.  Name, address and telephone number of the UAV operator; and

d.  A copy of the UAV system operating limitations.

 

13.  A person conducting operations under this exemption shall immediately produce any of the documents and/or information listed in condition 12 to a peace officer, police officer, or Transport Canada inspector upon request.

14.  No person operating under this exemption is relieved from complying with the provisions of any other relevant Acts, Regulations or laws or from any level of government.

 

Flight Conditions

15.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall maintain continuous unaided visual contact with the UAV sufficient to be able to maintain operational control of the UAV, know its location and be able to scan the airspace in which it is operating to decisively see and avoid other air traffic or objects.

16.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not use a first person view device.

17.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall only operate a UAV from a single control station and control relays or visual observers to extend the operational area are prohibited.

18.  The pilot shall operate no more than one UAV at any one time.

19.  The pilot operating a UAV shall give way to manned aircraft at all times.

20.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall only operate a UAV during daylight hours.

21.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall operate a UAV at or below 300 feet above ground level (AGL).

22.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall only operate a UAV in Class G airspace.

23.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV over a forest fire area, or over any area that is located within five nautical miles of a forest fire area.

24.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV in airspace that has been restricted by the Minister under Section 5.1 of the Aeronautics Act.

25.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall only operate a UAV at least five (5) nautical miles away from the centre of any aerodrome.

26.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall only operate a UAV at least five (5) nautical miles from a built up area.

27.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall operate a UAV at a lateral distance of at least 100 feet from any building, structure, vehicle, vessel or animal not associated with the operation and at least 100 feet from any person.

28.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV over an open-air assembly of persons.

29.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall only operate a UAV under visual meteorological conditions, clear of cloud with not less than two (2) statute miles ground visibility.

30.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall be able to take immediate active control of a UAV at all times.

31.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall establish and follow normal, lost link and emergency procedures, including those established by the manufacturer.

32.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall confirm that no unacceptable radio frequency interference to the UAV system is present prior to flight, nor is likely to be present during flight.

33.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV system unless it is operated in accordance with the operating limitation specified by the manufacturer.

34.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not conduct a take-off/launch of a UAV if explosive, corrosive, bio-hazard or bright light emitting (laser) payloads are carried onboard.

35.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall ensure that the appropriate air traffic service unit(s) is advised immediately anytime the flight of a UAV inadvertently enters into controlled airspace.

 

Pilot training Condition

36. The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall be appropriately trained on the UAV system and qualified for the area and type of operation  as referred to in Transport Canada guidance material.

 

UAV System Condition

37.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall ensure that a UAV system is in a fit and safe state for flight prior to take-off/launch.

 

These regulations should be fairly easy to digest for most commercial operators, as the limits set out are clear and offer very good options for low-level aerial photography work.  A basic understanding of aviation knowledge is still required regarding airspace, but operators should have no problem operating within these limitations given a little bit of planning.

 

 

UAV’s Weighing 2.1kg  to 25kg – Commercial Use

For UAV’s between 2.1kg and 25kg the following exemptions exemptions apply (direct link at http://www.tc.gc.ca/civilaviation/regserv/affairs/exemptions/docs/en/2879.htm)

 

EXEMPTION FROM SECTIONS 602.41 AND 603.66 OF THECANADIAN AVIATION REGULATIONS

Pursuant to Subsection 5.9(2) of the Aeronautics Act, and after having determined that the exemption is in the public interest and is not likely to adversely affect aviation safety, I hereby exempt persons conducting flight operations utilizing unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) with a maximum take-off weight exceeding 2 kilograms but not exceeding 25 kilograms, with a maximum calibrated airspeed of 87 knots or less, operated within visual line-of-sight from the requirements of sections 602.41 and 603.66 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs), subject to the conditions set out below.

 

PURPOSE

This exemption relieves persons conducting non-recreational UAV system operations utilizing a UAV with a maximum take-off weight exceeding 2kgs but not exceeding 25kgs, operated within visual line-of-sight from the requirement to obtain a Special Flight Operations Certificate (SFOC) as required by sections 602.41 and the requirement to comply with the conditions of an SFOC as required by section 603.66 of the CARs.

The exemption will permit non-recreational UAVs with a maximum take-off weight exceeding 2kgs but not exceeding 25kgs and with maximum calibrated airspeed of 87 knots or less to be operated away from built-up areas, airspace, controlled aerodromes, forest fire areas and other restricted locations. The exemption includes conditions which address the need for the safe and responsible use of certain UAV systems.

UAV operations conducted outside the terms and conditions of this exemption will be subject to the requirements for an SFOC.

 

APPLICATION

This exemption applies to any person conducting UAV system operations within Canadian Domestic Airspace utilizing a UAV with a maximum take-off weight exceeding 2kgs but not exceeding 25kgs operated within visual line-of-sight.

 

This exemption does not apply to:

 

1.  Operations of model aircraft;

2.  Operations of an Autonomous UAV; or

3.  Operations by a foreign UAV operator.

 

CONDITIONS

General Conditions

1.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall conduct a safe operation and shall not pose a risk to aviation safety.

2.  Any person operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV system in such a reckless or negligent manner so as to endanger or be likely to endanger the life or property of any person.

3.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall be a minimum of 18 years of age.

4.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall subscribe for liability insurance covering risks of public liability at the levels described in subsection 606.02 (8) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations and in any case shall have no less than $100,000 in liability insurance coverage pertaining to the operation of the UAV.

5.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate the controls of a UAV if they have any reason to believe that they are suffering or are likely to suffer from fatigue, or suffering from any other condition which would render them unfit to perform their duties.

7.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV system within eight (8) hours after consuming an alcoholic beverage or while under the influence of alcohol or while using any drug that impairs the person faculties to the extent that the safety of the operation is endangered in any way.

8.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall be familiar with the relevant aeronautical information that is appropriate to the intended flight, before commencing a flight.

9.  Any person operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV in any special aviation event requiring an SFOC under Part VI, Subpart 3, Division 1 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

10.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall obtain permission from the owner(s) of the property on which a UAV intends to take-off/launch from and/or land/recover on.

11.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall, prior to commencing operations, perform a site survey to assess the suitability of each location and confirm that safe operations can be conducted.

12.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall cease operations if at any time the safety of other airspace users or persons or property on the ground is in jeopardy, or if the person conducting operations is unable to comply with the conditions of this exemption.

13.  A copy of the following documents shall be accessible to any person conducting operations under this exemption.

 

1.  This exemption;

2.  Proof of liability insurance coverage;

3.  Name, address and telephone number of the UAV operator; and

4.  A copy of the UAV system operating limitations.

 

14.  A person conducting operations under this exemption shall immediately produce any of the documents and/or information listed in condition 12 to a peace officer, police officer, or Transport Canada inspector upon request.No person operating under this exemption is relieved from complying with the provisions of any other relevant Acts, Regulations or laws or from any level of government.

 

Flight Conditions

15.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall maintain continuous unaided visual contact with the UAV sufficient to be able to maintain operational control of the UAV, know its location and be able to scan the airspace in which it is operating to decisively see and avoid other air traffic or objects.

16.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not use a first person view device.

17.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall only operate a UAV from a single control station and control relays or visual observers to extend the operational area are prohibited.

18.  The pilot shall operate no more than one UAV at any one time.

19.  The pilot operating a UAV shall give way to manned aircraft at all times.

20.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall only operate a UAV during daylight hours.

21.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall operate a UAV at or below 300 feet above ground level (AGL).

22.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall only operate a UAV in Class G airspace.

23.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV over a forest fire area, or over any area that is located within five nautical miles of a forest fire area.

24.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV in airspace that has been restricted by the Minister under Section 5.1 of the Aeronautics Act.

25.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall only operate a UAV at least five (5) nautical miles away from the centre of any aerodrome.

26.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall only operate a UAV at least five (5) nautical miles away from a built-up area.

27.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall operate a UAV at a lateral distance of at least 500 feet from any building, structure, vehicle, vessel, animal or person unless:

 

1.  The building, structure, vehicle, vessel or animal is the subject of the aerial work; and

2.  Only persons inherent to the operation are present.

 

28.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall operate a UAV at a lateral distance of at least 500 feet from the general public, spectators, bystanders or any person not associated with the operation.

29.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV over an open-air assembly of persons.

30.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall only operate a UAV under visual meteorological conditions, clear of cloud with not less than two (2) statute miles ground visibility.

31.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall be able to take immediate active control of a UAV at all times.

32.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall establish and adhere to procedures to be followed in the event that control of the UAV can no longer be maintained. Specifically:

33.  Procedures for contacting emergency responders;

 

1.  Procedures for landing/recovering the UAV safely;

2.  Procedures for contacting the appropriate air traffic service unit; and

3.  Name(s) of individuals responsible for following each of the above procedures.

4.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall establish and adhere to an emergency contingency plan.

 

34.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall establish and follow normal, lost link and emergency procedures, including those established by the manufacturer.

35.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall confirm that no unacceptable radio frequency interference to the UAV system is present prior to flight, nor is likely to be present during flight.

36.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not activate a flight termination system, if a UAV is so equipped, in such a manner as to endanger other airspace users or persons or property on the ground.

37.  Any person operating under this exemption shall not conduct a take-off/launch of a UAV unless the risk involved with lost link circumstances has been assessed and a determination has been made as to when auto-recovery manoeuvres or flight termination shall be initiated.

38.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV in known or forecast icing conditions.

39.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not conduct a take-off/launch of a UAV that has frost, ice or snow adhering to any of its critical surfaces.

40.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not operate a UAV system unless it is operated in accordance with the operating limitation specified by the manufacturer.

41.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not permit the use of a portable electronic device at the control station of a UAV system where the device may impair the functioning of the systems or equipment.

42.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall not conduct a take-off/launch of a UAV if explosive, corrosive, bio-hazard or bright light emitting (laser) payloads, or any payloads that can be jettisoned, dispersed or dropped, are carried onboard.

43.  The pilot operating under this exemption shall ensure the following operational and emergency equipment is immediately available:

a.  checklists or placards that enable a UAV system to be operated in accordance with the limitations specified by the manufacturer; and

b.  a hand-held fire extinguisher of a type suitable for extinguishing fires that are likely to occur.

44.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall remain clear of the take-off, approach and landing routes and the pattern of traffic formed by manned aircraft operating in the vicinity of aerodromes.

45.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall ensure that the appropriate air traffic service unit(s) is advised immediately anytime the flight of a UAV inadvertently enters into controlled airspace.

46.  The pilot operating a UAV under this exemption, before entering or operating within in the Canadian Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ), shall comply with section 601.145 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

 

Pilot Training Conditions

47.  The pilot operating a UAV system under this exemption shall have successfully completed a pilot ground school program that provides instruction on the following subject areas:

 

1.  airspace classification and structure;

2.  meteorological and NOTAM reporting services;

3.  interpretation of aeronautical charts and the Canada Flight Supplement; and

4.  applicable content of the Canadian Aviation Regulations;

 

48.  The pilot conducting operations under this exemption shall be appropriately trained on the UAV system and qualified for the area and type of operation as referred to in Transport Canada guidance material.

 

UAV System Conditions

49.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall, prior to conducting a take-off/launch of a UAV, ensure that there is a means of:

 

a.  Controlling the flight of the UAV;

b.  Monitoring the UAV system;

c.  Navigation;

d.  Communication, as required by the Canadian Aviation Regulations;

e.  Detecting hazardous environmental flight conditions;

f.  Mitigating the risk of loss of control of the UAV;

g.  Sensing and avoiding other aircraft;

h.  Avoiding flight into obstacles and terrain; and

i.  Remaining clear of cloud.

 

50.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall ensure that a UAV system is in a fit and safe state for flight prior to take-off/launch.

51.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall ensure that a UAV is not flown if it has been subjected to any abnormal occurrence unless it has been inspected for damage and repaired, if needed to ensure safe operation.

52.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall ensure that all maintenance, servicing and disassembly-assembly of a UAV system and associated components are performed in accordance with procedures described in the manufacturer’s specifications.

53.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall ensure that the requirements of any airworthiness directives, or equivalent, issued by the manufacturer have been completed.

54.  Any person operating under this exemption shall ensure that the UAV is not equipped with an emergency locator transmitter (ELT).

 

Reporting Conditions

55.  Any person operating under this exemption shall, prior to the commencement of operations, notify the Minister, in writing, of:

 

a.  Their name, address, telephone number and e-mail;

b.  The model of UAV(s) being operated including serial number(s), where appropriate;

c.  The type of work being conducted; and

d.  The geographic boundaries of the operation.

 

56.  Any person operating under this exception shall notify the Minister within 10 working days of any change to the information provided in the above condition or upon the permanent cessation of UAV system operations.

57.  Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall report to the closest Transport Canada Civil Aviation office, as soon as possible, details of any of the following aviation occurrences during the operation of a UAV system:

 

a.  Injuries to any person requiring medical attention;

b.  Unintended contact between a UAV and persons, livestock, vehicles, vessels or other structures;

c.  Unanticipated damage incurred to the airframe, control station, payload or command and control links that adversely affects the performance or flight characteristics of the UAV;

d.  Anytime the UAV is not kept within the geographic boundaries and/or altitude limits as outlined in this exemption;

e.  Any collision or risk of collision with another aircraft;

f.  Anytime the UAV becomes uncontrollable, experiences a fly-away or is missing; and

g.  Any other incident that results in a Canadian Aviation Daily Occurrence Report (CADORS).

 

58. Any person conducting operations under this exemption shall, following any of the aviation occurrences listed above, cease operations until such time as the cause of the occurrence has been determined and corrective actions have been taken to eliminate the risk of reoccurrence.

 

As you can see the regulations for operating a UAV between 2.1kg and 25kg are much more extensive than they are below 2kg.  Most notably they follow rules more closely associated with manned aircraft where proper emergency procedures must be in place, proper documention for both the regulations and UAV must be carried, and any accidents which damage either the UAV or other property must be reported immediately.  The pilots of UAV’s in this weight class must also be trained in basic aviation knowledge (click here for a link to Transport Canada’s Knowledge Requirements) such as airspace regulations, weather and NOTAMs (Notice to Airmen), an understanding of the CFS (Canadian Flight Supplement) and applicable content of the CARs (Canadian Aviation Regulations).

 

If you are operating outside any of these limitations you will require issuance of a Special Flight Operating Certificate.  More information can be found on the Transport Canada website at http://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/ca-standards/Infographic_Permission_to_fly_a_UAV_Print_English.pdf .

 

It’s a good idea to have a clear understanding of these regulations before committing to any commercial activities with your UAV.  But with a little legwork your drone can be operated safely and successfully within the rules and regulations which have been set out for us.  I hope this article answered a few of your questions regarding UAV operations in Canada, but if you’re in need of further information please feel free to comment or contact us directly and we’ll do our best to answer any questions you have.  Thanks, and fly safe!

 

Please take care to update yourself with the latest regulations from Transport Canada as some of the excerpts in this article may have changed since time of writing.

 

Recommended Links of Interest

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Pilot Knowledge Requirements http://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/ca-publications/TP_15263E.pdf

 

Guidance Material for Operating Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems under an Exemption http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/opssvs/ac-600-004-2136.html

 

Canadian Aviation Regulations http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/acts-regulations/regulations-sor96-433.htm

 

Transport Canada – Flying an unmanned aircraft http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/standards/general-recavi-uav-2265.htm